Effectiveness of macronutrient supplementation on nutritional status and HIV/AIDS progression in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Published Date:

11/30/2018

Source:

Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

Authors:

Hong, H., Budhathoki, C,  Farley, J. E. 

External link

Original Article

Background & aims

Malnutrition is common in Sub-Saharan Africa, weakening the immune function of persons living with HIV infection (PLWH). Being malnourished at the initiation of antiretroviral therapy(ART) leads to higher risk of early mortality and reduced quality of life. Thus, introduction of protein-energy-fortified macronutrient supplements at ART initiation may improve HIV treatment outcomes. This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of macronutrient interventions.

Methods

This systematic review and meta-analysis included 15 studies conducted from 2000 to 2015 among Sub-Saharan African adults.

Results

Six randomized controlled trials and 4 retrospective cohort studies provided data eligible for a meta-analysis. Supplementation significantly increased the overall standardized mean difference (SMD) between baseline and follow-up data in weight (SMD = 0.382, p < .001), BMI (SMD = 0.799, p < .001); fat-free mass (SMD = 0.154, p = .009); and CD4 count(SMD = 0.428, p < .001).

Conclusion

Protein-energy-fortified macronutrient supplementation at ART initiation may positively influence nutritional status and immunologic response in PLWH in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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